Transportation technology refers to machines, tools, and instruments that are used to solve problems and improve conditions concerning the movement of goods and people. Transportation involves road, rail, water and air transports. There are many advantages of road transportation over other modes of transportation and and some of them are explained below.
Less Capital Outlay
Road transport has always been requiring less capital investment when compared to other modes of transport such as rail and airways. The cost of constructing, operating and maintaining roads is very cheaper when compared to railways. Roads are generally constructed by the government and local authorities, and only small revenue is charged for its use.
Service in Rural Areas
Road transport is helpful for carrying goods and people to and from rural areas which are not served by rail, water or air transport. The exchange of goods, between large towns and small villages, is made possible only through road transport.
Availability of Flexible Services
Road transport has many advantages over other modes of transport like flexibility of service, routes and timings that can be adjustable to individual requirements without much inconvenience.
Suitable for Short Distances
It is more economical and quicker for carrying goods and people over short distances. Delays in transit of goods on account of intermediate loading and handling are mostly avoided. With the incorporation of transport technology, goods can be loaded directly into road vehicles, and can be transported straight to their destination.
Lesser Risk of Damages in Transit
As the intermediate loading and handling are avoided, there are lesser possibilities of damage and breakage of the goods that are in transit. Therefore, road transport is most suited for transporting delicate goods like glassware that are likely to be damaged in the process of loading and unloading.
Availability of Door to Door Service
The outstanding advantage of road transport is that it provides door to door or warehouse to warehouse service, which reduces the overall expenses of cartage, loading, and unloading.
Saving Cost of Packing
When compared to the other modes of transport that are available, the process of packing in motor transport is generally less complicated. Goods transported by motor transport require less packing and sometimes no packing in several cases.
Road transport requires less initial capital investment – the cost of operation and maintenance, even though it is comparatively less. Even if the rate charged by motor transport is a little higher than that by the railways, the effective cost of transporting goods by motor transport is less as the motor transport saves in packing costs and the expenses of intermediate loading, unloading and handling expenses.
Motor transport is more suited than the railways or water transport if the goods are to be sent immediately. Transport through waterways is very slow, and also a lot of time is wasted in booking the goods and taking delivery of the goods through water transport.