Autonomous Cars: How AI Drives Them

Technology And Transportation
Technology And Transportation
Technology And Transportation
Technology And Transportation

The age of driverless transport is here, and technology and transportation are being married to make the futuristic dream a tangible reality. As the technology matures, the public and personal mode of transportation will be transformed. It is estimated that close to 90% of the accidents that happen on road is the result of human error.

If we were to take the human element out of the driver seat, then who knows what level of safety we will be able to accomplish?

Artificial intelligence: Sitting behind the wheel

For a vehicle to be autonomous, it needs to be aware of what is around it at all times. It needs to identify various information on the road ahead, use that information and analyse it, and then act on the information.

There need to be secure and highly responsive solutions which need to be in place, for split-second decisions to be taken. Understanding the driving scenario and the environment requires information and data to be captured by a variety of sensors in and around the car. The information is then processed by the vehicle’s autonomous driving computer system.

For a vehicle to be truly able to drive without any form of human assistance, an extensive amount of training needs to be undertaken with the help of Artificial intelligence.

A self-driving car’s AI system requires a continuous stream of data to be reaching it, without any interruptions. With less reliance on needing it to recognize a route, the attention of autonomous computers can be paid to traffic, potential real-time hazards and pedestrians. This range of operations is called Geo-fencingand it reflects the approach that self-driving cars are embracing so as to bring out vehicles that are truly ‘driverless.’

Computers Don’t Get Distracted

Attention doesn’t get pulled away in the case of autonomous computer systems, either by flashy billboards or a jam that is being played by your favorite radio station. Computers are consistent and don’t fret on unwanted stimuli from the outside world.

The attention to safety enables a vehicle to be able to communicate with another one. This wirelessly interconnected computing system with redundancies is set in place by means of protocols that are needed to have a required ‘level of safety’ in relation to the level of autonomy.

The more free it is, the more rigid and fool-proof its safety protocols and margin of safety needs to be. 

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