It is widely seen that roads are not given the required importance in the discussion of modern transportation technology like driverless vehicles. The smart roadways provide innovative means for improved communication, lighting and power transmission technologies which can support sustainability, protection and better driving experience. Implementation of these facilities will pave the way for automation of transportation systems. The basic requirement for setting up smart transportation services is applying innovative ideas and implementing infrastructure development of roads.
It is widely propagated that by 2040, most countries including the U.S will be transforming their transportation into unmanned vehicles. Electric vehicles have a lot of advantages over present conventional ones, which use fossil fuels. Low emission, durability, lightweight are some of its features. Driverless transportationfeatures get added to the above discussed facilities which are attracting the car users to it. Almost half of the accidents on roads are caused by human error, which could almost disappear with the introduction of such vehicles. There may be umpteen safety and practical driving instances which have been addressed within a common paradigm. But still the artificial intelligence in the machine should be controlled to perform within a stipulated discipline and be facilitated in such a way that it should be governed by the local traffic regulations and rules.
Management of Infrastructure
The requirement for convenient smart roads will also emerge with the abundance of self-driving vehicles on the road. As per the theory, those connected smart vehicles nearby will communicate with each other and the smart roadway infrastructure, which will use real-time traffic data to anticipate problems, to formulate better and instant decisions and sync their speed by taking advantage of the available space.
This will reduce the traffic jams because they will be able to get much closer to each other safely, which will reduce the stress on road space. With the massive use of artificial intelligence in managing routes and moving will make the efficiency of them much better than the present cars. These vehicles will be equipped with multiple sensors like front cameras, radars, LIDAR, high-precision GPS, etc, which will be their electronic eyes and the road can become a sort of lens that can sharpen these sensors.
Vehicles to Infrastructure
In order to improve traffic management, communication between vehicles and roads, V2I or vehicles to infrastructure must be implemented. Convenient road structure and more conducive sensors are required to manage roads with controlled entrances, managed lanes, dynamic tolls, etc.
When one talks about cyber communication, the security of this activity comes under scan. Some automotive companies have already rolled out their Intelligent Transportation Systems tools that will have higher security and information for the driver. We require to achieve more efficient use of available infrastructure for improving the safety and comfort of users in an era of self-driving cars.