HIV is a virus that still remains a nightmare for people, as there are no drugs or treatments available to destroy this virus. HIV virus can kill your CD4 cells, which are important immune cells in your body that are generally known by the name T cells.
As this virus kills your immune cells, you can become vulnerable to a large number of diseases. Even though there is no drug to eliminate these cells from your body, it is possible for you to manage HIV and live with this virus for many years.
HIV can lead to a condition called AIDS where your immune system will become significantly weak thereby increasing the risk of infections and other diseases. Without proper treatment and care, AIDS can eventually lead to death. Hence, it important for you to take HIV treatment for controlling this condition from getting worse.
Tests For Diagnosing HIV
There are different tests used for finding the presence of HIV in a person. Some of them are listed below:
Antibody/Antigen Tests: These are the most commonly used tests for diagnosing the presence of HIV. They can show positive results within 18-45 days after a person initially contracts the virus.
This test checks for the presence of antigens and antibodies in the blood of the person. An antigen is a part of the virus which is responsible for activating the immune system, whereas, an antibody is a form of protein that your body produces to respond to an infection.
Antibody Tests: It solely checks for the presence of antibodies in the blood. Usually, the antibodies for HIV viruses will be produced in your body within 23-90 days after transmission.
Nucleic Acid Test (NAT): This is an expensive test and it is not generally used for screening. It is for people who already have a risk factor or show symptoms of HIV. It does not look for antibodies or antigens, instead, it looks for the presence of the virus itself.
The main treatment for HIV is antiretroviral therapy, which includes the use of a combination of medications that can inhibit the growth of the virus. This can help to protect your immune cells from damage. Additionally, this treatment can prevent the development of AIDS from HIV.
There are different medications used for treating HIV. Some of them include protease inhibitors, NRTIs, NNRTIs, fusion inhibitors, integrase strand transfer inhibitors, CCR5 antagonists.
Your doctor can suggest the drugs that can be suitable for you. If you are diagnosed with HIV, it is important for you to take these medications regularly, as it can help prevent your condition from getting worse.